Identifying and Predicting Parkinson's Disease Subtypes through Trajectory Clustering via Bipartite Networks

12 Jun 2019  ·  Sanjukta Krishnagopal, Rainer Von Coelln, Lisa M. Shulman, Michelle Girvan ·

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease with a high degree of heterogeneity in its clinical features, rate of progression, and change of variables over time. In this work, we present a novel data-driven, network-based Trajectory Profile Clustering (TPC) algorithm for 1) identification of PD subtypes and 2) early prediction of disease progression in individual patients... Our subtype identification is based not only on PD variables, but also on their complex patterns of progression, providing a useful tool for the analysis of large heterogenous, longitudinal data. Specifically, we cluster patients based on the similarity of their trajectories through a time series of bipartite networks connecting patients to demographic, clinical, and genetic variables. We apply this approach to demographic and clinical data from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) dataset and identify 3 patient clusters, consistent with 3 distinct PD subtypes, each with a characteristic variable progression profile. Additionally, TPC predicts an individual patient's subtype and future disease trajectory, based on baseline assessments. Application of our approach resulted in 74% accurate subtype prediction in year 5 in a test/validation cohort. Furthermore, we show that genetic variability can be integrated seamlessly in our TPC approach. In summary, using PD as a model for chronic progressive diseases, we show that TPC leverages high-dimensional longitudinal datasets for subtype identification and early prediction of individual disease subtype. We anticipate this approach will be broadly applicable to multidimensional longitudinal datasets in diverse chronic diseases. read more

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