Peak Electricity Demand and Global Warming in the Industrial and Residential areas of Pune : An Extreme Value Approach

22 Aug 2019  ·  Maheshwari Ayush, Murari Kamal Kumar, Jayaraman T. ·

Industrial and residential activities respond distinctly to electricity demand on temperature. Due to increasing temperature trend on account of global warming, its impact on peak electricity demand is a proxy for effective management of electricity infrastructure... Few studies explore the relationship between electricity demand and temperature changes in industrial areas in India mainly due to the limitation of data. The precise role of industrial and residential activities response to the temperature is not explored in sub-tropical humid climate of India. Here, we show the temperature sensitivity of industrial and residential areas in the city of Pune, Maharashtra by keeping other influencing variables on electricity demand as constant. The study seeks to estimate the behaviour of peak electricity demand with the apparent temperature (AT) using the Extreme Value Theory. Our analysis shows that industrial activities are not much influenced by the temperature whereas residential activities show around 1.5-2% change in average electricity demand with 1 degree rise in AT. Further, we show that peak electricity demand in residential areas, performed using stationary and non-stationary GEV models, are significantly influenced by the rise in temperature. The study shows that with the improvement in data collection, better planning for the future development, accounting for the climate change effects, will enhance the effectiveness of electricity distribution system. The study is limited to the geographical area of Pune. However, the methods are useful in estimating the peak power load attributed to climate change to other geographical regions located in subtropical and humid climate. read more

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