Tracking multiple spawning targets using Poisson multi-Bernoulli mixtures on sets of tree trajectories

10 Nov 2021  ·  Ángel F. García-Fernández, Lennart Svensson ·

This paper proposes a Poisson multi-Bernoulli mixture (PMBM) filter on the space of sets of tree trajectories for multiple target tracking with spawning targets. A tree trajectory contains all trajectory information of a target and its descendants, which appear due to the spawning process. Each tree contains a set of branches, where each branch has trajectory information of a target or one of the descendants and its genealogy. For the standard dynamic and measurement models with multi-Bernoulli spawning, the posterior is a PMBM density, with each Bernoulli having information on a potential tree trajectory. To enable a computationally efficient implementation, we derive an approximate PMBM filter in which each Bernoulli tree trajectory has multi-Bernoulli branches, obtained by minimising the Kullback-Leibler divergence. The resulting filter improves tracking performance of state-of-the-art algorithms in a simulated scenario.

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Methodology Systems and Control Systems and Control Applications


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